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26 August 2023

6 minutes read

IELTS vs TOEFL vs PTE: Navigating the English Language Proficiency Maze

Studying abroad or working internationally is a dream many harbor. To make this dream a reality, one often has to prove their English language proficiency. But with multiple tests available, the question arises: Which test should you take? This guide will help you navigate the maze of IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE.

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Introduction to English Language Proficiency Tests

In our increasingly globalized world, showcasing one’s command of the English language has become a golden ticket to numerous opportunities abroad. Whether you’re aiming to study, work, or migrate, you’ll likely encounter one of the three big names in English proficiency testing: IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE.

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Deep Dive: Understanding Each Test

IELTS (International English Language Testing System)

With roots dating back to 1980, IELTS is a test many have come to trust.

  • IELTS Variants: The IELTS is available in two main versions: Academic and General Training. While the former is for prospective students, the latter caters to those looking to work, train, or migrate.
  • Format: Both versions test listening, reading, writing, and speaking skills, though the reading and writing sections differ between the two versions.
  • Scoring: IELTS grades range from a “band” of 0 (did not attempt) to 9 (expert).
  • Popularity: With over 3 million tests taken annually, its global acceptance is undeniable.

TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)

Originating in the US, the TOEFL has evolved significantly since its 1964 inception.

  • Format: The TOEFL iBT, a more modern version, evaluates reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills using internet-based testing.
  • Scoring: Each section scores out of 30, with a total score range of 0 to 120.
  • Preferred Regions: Though globally recognized, it holds particular sway in North America.

PTE (Pearson Test of English)

The relative newcomer, PTE, has gained immense traction due to its use of technology.

  • Format: Like the others, PTE Academic evaluates reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills.
  • Scoring: Leveraging the Global Scale of English, PTE scores range from 10 to 90.
  • Special Features: Being computer-based, results are often available faster, typically within five days.

IELTS vs TOEFL vs PTE: Comparative Insights

With an understanding of each test, a comparative lens is essential.

AspectIELTSTOEFLPTE (Pearson Test of English)
Test FormatListening, Reading, Writing, SpeakingReading, Listening, Speaking, WritingSpeaking and Writing, Reading, Listening
Score Range0-9 Bands0-120 Score10-90 Score
Test Duration~2h45m~4 hours~3 hours
Speaking AssessmentFace-to-face interviewIntegrated speaking tasksAI-reviewed speaking responses
Test FlexibilityLimited dates/centersFrequent test dates and locationsWide range of test dates, locations
Score AvailabilityResults in 13 daysTypically within 6 daysUsually within 5 business days
AcceptanceWidely accepted for study and immigrationCommonly used for study abroadGrowing academic & immigration use
Reading ComplexityVaried passages, diverse contentAcademic texts, undergrad subjectsAcademic content, diverse question types
Writing EvaluationHuman examinersBoth human & e-rater (AI)AI assessment of written tasks
Listening VarietyEveryday scenarios in English-speaking environmentAcademic and non-academic contentMix of accents and spoken contexts

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Which Test Suits You? Considerations for the Aspiring Test Taker

Every individual is unique, so consider:

  • Recognition: Research your target institutions or workplaces. Some may prefer or not recognize certain tests.
  • Comfort: Are you more comfortable in face-to-face interviews or speaking to a computer?
  • Speed of Results: If you’re pressed for time, PTE’s rapid results might be advantageous.
  • Costs: Prices can vary widely by region, so consider your budget.

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Preparation Tips for Each Test


Understanding the Question Types: Familiarize yourself with various question formats, from multiple-choice to map labeling. Knowing what to expect can boost confidence and speed.

Practice Speaking: Given that IELTS involves face-to-face interviews, it’s advantageous to practice conversational English with native speakers or join English-speaking clubs.

Brush Up on your Essay Skills: The writing section often requires you to present a viewpoint, argument, or discussion. Focus on structuring your essays coherently.


Engage with Academic Texts: Since TOEFL is academically focused, often used by students aiming for U.S. universities, to practice reading university textbooks, journals, and papers.

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Work on Note-taking: During the listening section, you’ll need to take notes while absorbing information. This skill can make or break your score.

Speak Out Loud: Although you’re speaking to a computer, clarity, fluency, and accent play roles. Try tools like Audible or language apps to mimic native pronunciation.


Practice Keyboard Skills: Being computer-based, quick, and efficient typing is a boon for the writing section.

Stay Updated on Current Events: PTE’s topics often revolve around current events, so staying updated can give you an edge.

Simulate the Test Environment: Familiarize yourself with the computerized testing environment. There are numerous online mock tests available.

Score Comparison Between the Tests

Though it’s hard to equate scores between the tests directly, institutions often provide tables to interpret your score from one test in terms of another. For instance:

An IELTS band of 7 might be viewed as a TOEFL score range of 94-101 and a PTE score of around 65.

Always refer to the specific requirements of your target institution or workplace.

The Impact of COVID-19 on English Proficiency Tests

The global pandemic has affected every sector, and English language testing isn’t immune. Here’s a brief overview of the implications:

  • Remote Testing: Due to health concerns, both TOEFL and PTE introduced at-home versions of their tests, named TOEFL iBT Home Edition and PTE Academic Online respectively.
  • Safety Protocols: For those taking tests at centers, expect stringent health and safety protocols, including reduced capacity, mask mandates, and social distancing.
  • Rescheduling and Cancellations: There have been multiple instances of test cancellations. Always check your email and the official test websites for updates.

Understanding the Cultural Implications of the Tests

Different tests, although standardized, can carry with them subtle cultural implications. This can sometimes make one test more relatable to certain individuals based on their background or training.

IELTS: British and Australian Undertones

IELTS, co-owned by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia, and Cambridge English Language Assessment, carries with it a British and Australian undertone in its accent and content. If you’re more comfortable with British English, this might be your turf.

TOEFL: A Deep Dive into American English

TOEFL is primarily American, both in accent and content. Managed by Educational Testing Service (ETS), a US-based organization, this test would appeal to those familiar with American academia and its linguistic nuances.

PTE: A Global Mix

PTE, although Australian by origin (Pearson PLC Group), encompasses a wide variety of accents in its listening section, from American and British to Australian. It might be considered a melting pot of English varieties.

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Which English Test Has the Best Test Centers?

Taking a test, especially one as pivotal as a language proficiency test, hinges not just on the content but also on the environment.


  • Availability: IELTS test centers are ubiquitous. In major cities worldwide, you’ll find multiple locations.
  • Infrastructure: Traditional paper-based tests have their charm. A quiet room, a physical paper, a pencil in hand; it’s all very old-school and can be comforting to many.


  • Availability: TOEFL centers are predominantly in academic hubs, given their US academic inclination. If you’re in or near a major city or university town, finding a center is easy.
  • Infrastructure: It’s computer-based, so expect a standard computer lab setting. Proper headphones, a good keyboard, and a screen are essentials.


  • Availability: Being the newest of the lot, PTE centers are fewer but growing rapidly. They’re expanding in major cities and academic hubs.
  • Infrastructure: Fully computerized, the setup is modern and efficient, ensuring quick results.

Who Should Opt for Which Test?

While all three tests measure English proficiency, they cater to slightly different audiences.

  • IELTS: Ideal for both academic and immigration purposes. Especially if you’re aiming for UK, Australian, or Canadian universities or residency.
  • TOEFL: Primarily for those looking to study in American universities. The academic orientation leans heavily towards the US.
  • PTE: Perfect for those who appreciate a fast result turnaround and are comfortable with computers. It’s gaining traction with universities and immigration bodies.

Understanding the Format: Section by Section Comparison

When determining which test to take, a detailed understanding of the sections can provide clarity.

Reading Section

TestReading Section
IELTSThree diverse reading passages, each with questions.
TOEFL3-4 passages from academic texts, with 12-14 questions per passage. Undergrad topics.
PTEVarious formats – multiple-choice, fill-in-the-blanks, re-ordering paragraphs, etc.

Listening Section

TestListening Section
IELTSFour recordings simulating everyday scenarios in English-speaking environments.
TOEFLListening to lectures, discussions, and conversations, followed by questions related to the audio clips.
PTETasks include summarizing spoken text, multiple-choice questions, filling in blanks, and more.

Speaking Section

TestSpeaking Section
IELTSFace-to-face interviews, short and extended responses, discussions.
TOEFLReading aloud, listening and responding, structured academic tasks.
PTEPersonal introductions, reading aloud, sentence repeats, descriptions.

Writing Section

TestWriting Section
IELTSTask 1: Describe visuals, Task 2: Write an essay.
TOEFLRespond to readings and listening, support opinions.
PTESummarize written text and write an essay.

Score Comparison and Evaluation

Understanding the scoring can often be the trickiest part. Let’s break it down:

TestScore RangeInterpretation
IELTS0-9 BandsMeasures English proficiency on a scale.
TOEFL0-120 ScoreEvaluates language skills across sections.
PTE (Pearson)10-90 ScoreAssesses communication abilities effectively.

Preparation Tips and Resources

Whichever test you choose, preparation is key. Here are some universal tips:

  • Mock Tests: Regularly take full-length mock tests to simulate the test day experience.
  • Stay Updated: All these tests, especially the reading section, expose test-takers to a variety of topics. Read widely.
  • Practice Speaking: Practice speaking out loud in English to enhance fluency and reduce hesitation.
  • Work on Weaknesses: Identify and work intensively on weaker sections.

Conclusion: Charting Your Course

Your choice between IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE will hinge on your specific needs, goals, and preferences. Do your research, understand the nuances of each test, and chart your course toward achieving your international aspirations.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is the easiest among the three tests?

There’s no universal answer. It depends on one’s strengths and the specific skills being evaluated.

Can I retake a test if I’m unsatisfied with my score?

Absolutely! All three tests allow for retakes, but it’s advisable to prepare further before a subsequent attempt.

Are there any specific technological requirements for the PTE?

Basic computer skills suffice. Ensure you’re comfortable with a headset and microphone for the listening and speaking sections.

How long are the test scores valid?

Typically, scores for all three tests are valid for two years.

What’s the difference between IELTS Academic and General Training?

Academic is for those applying for higher education, while General Training is more for work, training, or migration purposes.

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